Brain Cancer: Causes, Symptoms, & Treatment

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Brain Cancer: Causes, Symptoms, & Treatment
Brain Cancer: Causes, Symptoms, & Treatment

What is Brain cancer 

A brain cancer diagnosis refers to the identification of a grade 3 or 4 brain tumor. A tumor that grows rapidly and has a greater likelihood of spreading to the brain.

In most cases, brain cancer spreads within the brain. It rarely metastasizes to other parts of the body. When cancerous cells originate in another part of the body and then spread to the brain. It is known as secondary brain cancer or metastases. It is important to note that there are over 130 types of brain tumors, but not all of them are cancerous.

Brain cancer and how dangerous is it?

About 30 persons per 100,000 As a result, by brain and nervous system cancer in the US. Because brain malignancies can continue to grow or spread, they are dangerous. Some cases of brain cancer have the potential to progress to cancer.

If they prevent the fluid surrounding them from moving, they could pose a concern. The brain since this may result in an increase in the pressure inside the skull. A cancer that has spread to the spinal fluid may spread to distant regions of the brain or spine.

What tests are used to identify brain cancer?

MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)                  

In MRI, the brain Visible with the help of a magnetic field, radio waves, and a computer. It is often used to identify brain tumors and other abnormalities.

CT (Computed Tomography) Scan

A CT scan uses X-rays and a computer to create detailed images of the brain. It can Useful to identify tumors, bleeding, and other abnormalities.

Biopsy

A biopsy involves removing a small piece of the tumor for analysis. This can help determine the type of brain cancer and its severity.

Survival rate for brain cancer

According to the National Brain Tumor Society, the average relative survival rate for malignant brain tumors over five years is 35.6%. This indicates that 35.6% of those with a brain cancer diagnosis are still living five years after the tumor was discovered.

After a brain cancer diagnosis, a number of factors, including:

  • Age
  • Tumor type
  • Grade

For example, the American Cancer Society reports that the glioblastoma, the most prevalent primary malignant brain tumor. Has a five-year relative survival rate by age group of:

  • 22% for those in the 20 to 44 age group
  • 9 % for those in the 45 to 54 age group
  • 6 percent for those in the 55–64 age group

Accordingly, the estimate of survival after five years increases with age. Although brain cancer survival data isn’t frequently broken down by grade, survival is typically longer with lower-grade brain tumors.

The fact that survival estimates are only that—estimates—should also be kept in mind. They are based on historical information and earlier therapies. You should feel at ease asking your doctor questions about the latest developments in medicine.

Brain tumor kinds and brain cancer

The National Brain Tumor Society estimates that there are more than 120 different forms of brain tumors. Glioblastoma multiforme is one type of brain tumor that is aggressive and can grow quickly. Meningiomas and schwannomas are examples of slower-growing, benign brain tumors.

Gliomas, which start in the glial (supporting) tissue, are the most typical kind of primary brain tumor. This kind of cell gives rise to around one-third of all primary brain tumors and other nervous system malignancies.

Various forms of brain tumors include:

  • Ependymomas
  • Astrocytomas
  • Mixed gliomas
  • Oligodendroglioma
  • Pituitary adenomas
  • Germ cell tumors
  • Craniopharyngiomas
  • Medulloblastomas
  • Pineal region tumors
  • Pituitary carcinomas

Symptoms 

The specific areas of the brain involved and the functioning systems impacted determine the symptoms of brain cancer. For instance, a tumor close to the optic nerve may cause vision issues. The capacity to focus and think clearly may be impacted by a tumor in the frontal lobe of the brain. Weakness, numbness, or trouble speaking may be brought on by a tumor. That is present in the region that regulates motor function.

Brain cancer symptoms may include:
  • Speech difficulty
  • Memory loss
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Muscle weakness
  • Seizures
  • Numbness
  • A headache that changes with the time of day and how your head is positioned, gets worse over time

It’s crucial to realize that even benign tumors frequently cause harm to healthy. Cells in the surrounding brain tissue, nerves, and blood vessels. Headaches, exhaustion, double or blurred vision, and other negative symptoms may result from this.

Brain cancer treatment options

Treatment options for brain cancer patients include:

  • Craniotomy, surgery, and neurosurgery
  • Surgical procedures that require little to no incision, such as endoscopy
  • An intraoperative brain-mapping technique called neuronavigation
  • Motor mapping and language mapping are other names for intraoperative electrophysiological brain mapping.
  • IORT, or intraoperative radiation treatment
  • Radiation therapy, such as whole-brain radiation and external beam radiation
  • Chemotherapy, including systemic and local chemotherapy
  • Specific pathways or aberrant brain cells that are involved in tumor growth may be addressed by targeted therapy.

Our method for helping you in preserving your quality of life

At City of Hope, We are aware that brain cancer may bring about particular difficulties. affects on speech and motor skills, for instance. To help ensure that your motor function is not compromised during brain surgery. Our neurosurgeons frequently use nerve-monitoring technology.

Additionally, your care team will provide a range of supportive care services to aid with. These problems as you receive care, enabling you to proceed with treatment right away.

A prescription or over-the-counter painkillers may be suggested. The pain treatment specialist on your staff, for example. Also, they might provide nerve-block treatments and implanted pain pumps as alternatives. As a result  coordinating care and therapy recommendations , the pain management team collaborates. With our rehabilitation programs, other supportive care therapists speech and language pathologists and other supportive care professionals.

Your care team can adjust treatment plans as needed in the moment. Because they all regularly cooperate and stay down together.

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