Top 5 issues for women’s health

0
72
Women Health
Top 5 issues for women health

Every year Women’s Health and Fitness Day is observed across the United States to raise awareness among women about their health. The top 5 diseases that women’s health are mostly at risk of developing discussed below.

1. Heart Disease:

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) heart disease is the leading cause of female death, only 56% of women are aware. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that heart disease was the cause of 1 in 5 female deaths in 2019, despite the fact that heart disease is sometimes more commonly associated with men.

In addition, the majority of women between the ages of 40 and 60 may not even be aware that they have one or more heart disease risk factors.

Women-specific uncontrollable risk factors for heart disease include postmenopause and early menstruation.

However, many risk factors can be mitigated. In fact, at least one of these major risk factors was present in the individual in 95% of heart disease deaths.

  • Tobacco use
  • Hypertension.
  • High cholesterol in the blood
  • Overweight.
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Diabetic

For instance, heart attacks are up to six times more common in smokers than in nonsmokers. Smoking is the number one preventable cause of death and disease in United States. Age and family history are two additional risk factors that cannot be changed.

A heart-healthy lifestyle can reduce your risk of heart disease by up to 82%.

All of the heart-healthy habits listed below must be followed to keep your heart healthy:

  • Balanced diet: Fruit and vegetables should make up about half of your diet.
  • Constantly physical activity: Experts recommend at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity (brisk walking, light bicycling, cleaning) or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity physical activity (hiking, jogging at 6 mph, fast bicycling) should be done each week, according to experts.
  • Quit smoking (never start): Lung screening may be recommended for those who have a long history of smoking. A low-radiation CT scan is used in a lung screening to catch lung cancer early.
  • Schedule time to relax: Stress and anger can harm your heart. To reduce stress, set aside 15 to 20 minutes each day to sit quietly or engage in one of your favorite hobbies.

2. Breast Cancer:

Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer that affects women’s health of the United States. When cells change and grow, breast cancer develops in the breast. The two areas of the breast where cancer is most likely to begin are the ducts and lobules.

There are approximately 240,000 new cases of invasive breast cancer and 50,000 new cases of noninvasive breast cancer diagnosed for annually in the United States.

Hormones and family history are the two main categories of known risk factors for the breast cancer. A woman’s risk of developing breast cancer can also be increased by other past medical conditions, such as a history of dense breast tissue, premalignant breast biopsies, and chest wall radiation. Despite the significance of these risk factors, 70 percent of newly diagnosed women do not have any particular risk factors other than female sex and advancing age.

According to research, women’s who have the following lifestyle risk factors increase their risk of developing breast cancer:

  • Using alcohol.
  • Tobacco use
  • Overweight.
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Poor diet

3. Ovarian and Uterine cancer:

Ovarian Cancer:

The ovaries, which are organs the size of walnuts and are situated on both sides of the uterus, are where ovarian cancer begins. Since only women have ovaries, this kind of cancer can only be found in women. Ovarian Cancer can affect any of the complex cells in the ovaries.

Symptoms of ovarian cancer typically do not appear until the disease has spread beyond the ovaries. Even then, symptoms are usually vague and similar to the other diseases that are more common.

When ovarian cancer is first discovered?

You will need specific examinations and tests to determine whether or not you have ovarian cancer if your doctor thinks you might have it. Talk to your doctor is the first step in finding out if you have ovarian cancer. He or she will inquire about your symptoms, risk factors, reproductive history (including whether you have ever been pregnant), and family history of disease. A physical examination will also be conducted by your healthcare provider.

Which tests may I require?

One or more of the following tests might be given to you:

  • Examination of the pelvis
  • Ultrasound
  • CT scan
  • Blood test CA-125
  • Biopsy

Uterine cancer:

Uterine cancer is the cells of cervix, the lower end of the uterus that connects the uterus to the vagina, grow abnormally. Squamous cells, the outermost layer, are typically where this type of cancer cell growth begins.

The human papillomavirus (HPV) is the main risk factor for cervical cancer of women. HPV infection is extremely prevalent and frequently resolves on its own. However, HPV can sometimes progress to cervical cancer. Uterine cancer is strongly correlated with HPV infection. But, it is essential to keep in mind that the majority of HPV-positive women do not develop cervical cancer.

Added risk factors include:

  • Tobacco use
  • Other factors of lifestyle, such as exercise and diet.
  • Excessive weight
  • Long time use of contraceptives pill as a birth control
  • Being infected with chlamydia or herpes
  • Having a weak immune system
  • Having multiple full- term pregnancies
  • Before the age of 17 full term Pregnancy
  • Having a history of cervical cancer in the family

Discuss your risk of developing cervical cancer with your healthcare provider.

How does cervical cancer get found?

A routine Pap test identifies cervical cancer. Your health history, symptoms, risk factors, and family history of disease will all be inquired about by your healthcare provider. A pelvic exam and a physical exam will be performed by your provider.

You could also take one or more of the following tests:

  • HPV and Pap tests
  • Colposcopy
  • Biopsy

Only the way to confirm cancer is Biopsy. Small pieces of tissue from the cervix are taken here to check for cancer cells.

4. Anxiety and depression:

Anxiety

Anxiety is an unavoidable component of the body’s defense mechanisms for women’s health. In fact, it works to warn your body of a threat, normal anxiety can be helpful. A person’s emotions can range from a vague sense of worry to physical sensations like a racing heartbeat in this state. However, if a women suffers from an anxiety disorder, this response may occur at inappropriate times when there is no obvious danger.

When anxiety gets in the way of daily life, is hard to control, and lasts for months, it can become a problem. In some anxiety disorders, the anxiety is significantly out of proportion to the threat. Anxiety can occur with others even when there is no obvious threat or trigger.

Anxiety disorders are more prevalent in younger women and run in families. However, anxiety disorders affect people of all ages, races, and genders. Treatment is available it is very good news.

Consult your doctor to rule out any physical conditions that might be causing your anxiety. Seek treatment if you are diagnosed with an anxiety disorder. Anxiety, like depression, is an illness that can respond to treatment. The majority of anxiety disorders can be treated with medication and talk therapy (counseling). In addition, you can learn useful coping strategies through collaboration with your primary care physician. A mental health clinic, an employee assistance program, or your local hospital is all good places to get help or advice.

You can cope in the following ways:

  • Do your best: Keep in mind that nothing is under your control. What you can change and just let the rest happen.
  • Get moving: This is a great way to relax your body and let go of tension.
  • Do not consume nicotine or caffeine: These can exacerbate anxiety symptoms.
  • Remain sober: Do not consume alcohol or take prescription drugs. In the long term, they only make matters worse.
  • Understand anxiety disorders better: Keep a list of books and online resources you can use when you’re feeling stressed.
  • Try stress reduction: Try things like meditation.
  • Talk to other people: Consider joining a support group, either online or in person.
  • Seek aid: If the above methods do not alleviate or manage your symptoms, seek professional mental health care.

    Depression:

    Depression is also an important disease among women’s health problems, it’s affects the entire body. The mind, body, and mood all play a role in this. Having said that, depression is more than just feeling down or unhappy; it is also not a sign of weakness on one’s part. It is important to recognize that depression is a condition necessitates treatment, just like any other illness.

    Chemical imbalances in the brain have been linked to depression, despite the lack of a definitive cause. In addition, environmental, physical, mental health, and inherited factors can contribute to depression’s onset.

     

     

    Reasons for women to be affected in depression:

    Women have one-and-a-half to three times higher rates of depression, according to Jyoti Sachdeva, MD, associate professor, Medicine and director of women’s mental health at UC Health’s West Chester Hospital.

    This indicates that women are approximately twice as likely as men to suffer from depression, with many hormonal factors and potential additional stresses contributing to this increased rate. According to Dr. Sachdeva, women are particularly vulnerable during hormonal transitions like puberty, menopause, pregnancy, and postpartum.

    For instance, after giving birth to a baby many women face an increased risk. In this scenario, in addition to having to take care of a new baby, women experience physical and hormonal changes. These factors can cause postpartum depression (PPD) in some women. In fact, this affects one in five women.

    New mothers frequently experience the “baby blues,” which typically last for one or two weeks. It is uncommon to experience a severe depressive episode, which necessitates treatment. Postpartum depression can have serious repercussions for the mother, child, and family if left untreated.

    Counseling, medication, or a combination of the two is all forms of treatment. If you or your nearest one is encountering symptoms of depression, looking for proficient assistance, incorporating talking with your essential consideration doctor, is the initial step to take. Symptoms may last for weeks, months, or even years without treatment.

    Some examples of these symptoms are given below:

    • Persistent depression-like sadness
    • Loss of interests that were previously enjoyed
    • Inability to feel happy.
    • Unfortunate hunger.
    • Gain or loss of weight.
    • Lack of sleep
    • Lack of energy
    • Low libido
    • Poor concentration.
    • Feelings of guilt, despair, and worthlessness
    • Suicidal ideation in severe cases
    • In PPD, obsessive worry about the health of the baby may be present.

5. Reproductive Health problems:

As reported by the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, ‍ fruitlessness is regularly characterized as the a women’s failure to accomplish pregnancy following one year of unprotected intercourse. Women who are over the age of 35, have a known cause of infertility, or have a history of irregular periods should seek treatment sooner rather than six months after trying to conceive.

According to Suruchi Thakore, MD, assistant professor and Health physician in the UC College of Medicine’s Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the following are some of the more prevalent risk factors for infertility:

  • Weight and age
  • Issues with your hormones, ovulation, or the reproductive system as a whole, such as endometriosis or polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).
  • Environment and lifestyle choices in the factors
  • Like chemotherapy or radiation therapy medical treatments
  • Infections that can be transmitted sexually or previous ectopic pregnancies
  • Pelvic surgery, particularly of the ovaries and fallopian tubes.

Dr. Thakore goes on to say that while some risk factors, like age, cannot be changed but others are changeable. There are in fact, ways to lower your risk of infertility, including:

  • Keeping a healthy weight and diet (ideally with a BMI of 18 to 35).
  • Avoid excessive alcohol and drug consumption and smoking.
  • Identifying and treating sexually transmitted diseases quickly.
  • Avoid treatments or chemicals that are toxic.

Further, even though age is the most common cause of infertility, there are options for fertility preservation (also known as “oocyte cryopreservation” or “egg freezing”) at a younger age before having children to combat age-related fertility decline.

Finally, the above diseases can be prevented if we are a little women’s health conscious. You can reduce the risk of death of yourself and your loved ones. So let us be health conscious, make life with enjoy full and improve women’s health related issues.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here